Związek wysiłku fizycznego z odraczaniem wypłat finansowych

Michał Białek, Agata Perkowska

Streszczenie


Zyski i straty zmieniają swoją subiektywną wartość wraz z rosnącym odroczeniem. Tempo tej zmiany, nazywane stopą dyskontową, określa impulsywność jednostki oraz pozwala przewidywać jej wybory, także finansowe. Badanie 61 osób przed ćwiczeniami fizycznymi i po ćwiczeniach fizycznych wykazało, że w wyniku wysiłku fizycznego stopa dyskontowa osób badanych wyraźnie wzrosła. Zaobserwowano zatem paradoksalny efekt wysiłku fizycznego, który w świetle innych badań długoterminowo poprawia zdolności do samoregulacji i obniża stopę dyskontową, ale w świetle danych zaprezentowanych w artykule krótkoterminowo przynosi dokładnie odwrotny efekt. Wyniki omówiono w kontekście modeli samoregulacji (siłowego i zmęczeniowego) oraz alternatywnych modeli: zgeneralizowanej deprywacji, skojarzenia wysiłku z nagrodą i błędnej atrybucji.


Słowa kluczowe


samoregulacja, dyskontowanie, wysiłek fizyczny, zmęczenie

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Literatura


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15678/PJOEP.2017.11.01

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